• Old Deadwood Trail - Fort Pierre, South Dakota

      Photo by Peter Thody
      The discovery of gold in the Black Hills in 1874 led to the need for a reliable supply of mining equipment, supplies and food from the east. Much of this came up the Missouri on steamships and this is the point at which the freight would be unloaded onto ox-drawn wagons for the 200 mile trip to Deadwood. A single "bull train" would consist of three wagons pulled by 20 oxen, and would haul 20,000 lbs (10 tons) of freight. The overall train could consist of as many as 250 oxen, some used as reserves.

      If you go:
      The route of the eastern half of the trail was signposted in the 1970s by local rancher and historian Roy Norman and his wife Edith. While many have since disappeared, volunteers have replaced them in an effort to preserve the history of the trail.


      Hustan Avenue
      Fort Pierre, South Dakota 57532 USA

      Mailing address:
      Fort Pierre Development Corporation
      P.O. Box 461
      Fort Pierre, SD 57532 USA

      Phone Numbers:

      Fort Pierre Development Corporation
      +1 (605) 223-7603